Traditional Braces have progressed since the early days and are now lighter in weight and structure than they used to be. They are made from a high-grade stainless steel and have metal brackets that are attached to each tooth using a type of cement.
The brackets are linked to each other with a thin archwire, which puts pressure on the teeth to cause them to move slowly into the correct position. The archwires are connected to the brackets using tiny elastics known as ligatures or o-rings, which your orthodontist will change each time he tightens the braces.
Ceramic Braces work in the same way as traditional braces, but the brackets are made from a clear, transparent ceramic material. The braces are less visible to others, which makes them a popular choice for adults who need orthodontic treatment.
Patients wearing these types of braces occasionally find that the elastics become discolored, which can cause marks on the teeth.
In some cases there can be insufficient space in the mouth for all the teeth to fit properly. There are two main procedures to make room in these cases. One is extraction, in which teeth are removed to create more space. The second is expansion, in which the palate or arch is made larger by using a Palatal Expander